Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulations require that comprehensive emergency plans be prepared and periodically exercised to assure that actions can and will be taken to notify and protect citizens in the vicinity of a nuclear facility. Typically the emergency preparedness plan for a nuclear power plant includes an area within a 10-mile radius around the plant. The facility's emergency response plan must be discussed and agreed upon by the organization operating the power plant, by local and county emergency response officials, and by state emergency management officials. The plan is then reviewed by the NRC for adequate on-site preparedness, and by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), for adequate offsite preparedness.
Citizens living near a nuclear power plant must be advised periodically of the procedures that will be used to notify them of a problem at the facility and the actions that citizens should take if protective measures (such as evacuation or sheltering) are required. In general, a system of sirens (or tone-alert radios) will be activated within the 10-mile emergency planning radius to advise citizens to listen to local radio or television announcements for information and safety instructions. Arrangements must be made in advance for evacuation route planning, for reception and care of evacuated persons, and for special situations, such as the safe transport of school children or hospital patients out of the area.
In addition to the coordinated facility, local, and state emergency plans, Federal agencies have plans in place to coordinate their response activities and share their resources in support of state and local officials during an emergency. Coordination activities include joint planning and training sessions and exercise participation.
Some local agencies that are currently involved in emergency planning include:
Chardon Fire Department
Geauga County Department of Emergency Service